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voice@dshs-koeln.de | @Voicessport

Teilnahme am Projekt

Teilnahme am Projekt

Jede und jeder, die/der sexuelle Belästigung oder Übergriffe im Sport erlebt hat, ist eingeladen, an diesem Europäischen Forschungsprojekt zur Prävention sexualisierter Gewalt im Sport teilzunehmen.

Wir versichern Ihnen Vertraulichkeit, Anonymität und eine freiwillige Teilnahme.
Falls Sie bereit sind, im Rahmen einer Interviewstudie unseren erfahrenen Fachkräften von Ihren Erlebnissen zu berichten oder weitere Details und Informationen darüber erhalten möchten, kontaktieren Sie uns unter voice@dshs-koeln.de

Information für Sportorganisationen

Das Projekt VOICE möchte Sportverbände und -vereine darin unterstützen, ihre Maßnahmen für einen sicheren und gewaltfreien Sport weiter auszubauen. Um diese Maßnahmen wirkungsvoll zu entwickeln, müssen sie gerade von jenen, die davon am stärksten betroffen sind, mitgestaltet werden.

Die Stimmen von Betroffenen bilden somit die Basis für das VOICE-Projekt. Ihre Berichte liefern Erfahrungswerte, die authentisch und nachhaltig in Präventionsmaßnahmen überführt werden können.

Zwei auf Europäischer Ebene durchgeführte Vorläuferprojekte zum Thema sexualisierter Gewalt im Sport bestätigen dies. Das Projekt „Prevention of sexualised violence in European sport“ wurde von der Deutschen Sportjugend koordiniert und das Projekt „Sports Respects Your Rights“ von der Sportunion Österreich.

Die Erfahrungen aus diesen Projekten zeigen, dass gerade die Berichte von Betroffenen für die Sensibilisierung in Sportorganisationen wichtig sind.

Die durch VOICE entwickelten Lehrmaterialien werden grundlegende Prinzipien zum Schutz der Integrität von Sportler/innen aufbereiten und insbesondere die Prävention sexualisierter Gewalt thematisieren. Die Materialien werden auch über die Projektdauer hinaus online zur freien Nutzung zugänglich bleiben.

Weiterhin bietet VOICE eine gute Möglichkeit, auf nationaler und Europäischer Ebene Netzwerke zu bilden bzw. diese weiter zu entwickeln. Damit eröffnet sich für Sportorganisationen ein Weg, sich dem Problem der sexualisierten Gewalt im Sport verantwortungsvoll zu stellen und sich darüber auszutauschen.

Wenn Sie bzw. Ihre Organisation – völlig unabhängig von Größe oder Mitgliederzahl – Näheres über VOICE und die Möglichkeiten der Teilnahme an diesem Europäischen Projekt erfahren wollen, kontaktieren Sie uns bitte!

Begriffe und Definitionen

Sexualisierte Gewalt

„Sexualisierte Gewalt“ ist ein Oberbegriff für verschiedene Formen der Machtausübung mit dem Mittel der Sexualität. Der Begriff betont die Gewaltanwendung und Machtausübung (auf Basis der Sexualität). Da die Sexualität zum intimsten Bereich des Menschen gehört, führt die Verletzung dieser Sphäre zu einem extrem hohen Maß an Erniedrigung. Diesen besonders sensiblen Bereich nicht schützen zu können, erzeugt bei Betroffenen schwerwiegende Gefühle von Ohnmacht und Unterlegenheit

Sexualisierte Gewalt umfasst eine Spannweite von Handlungen mit und ohne Körperkontakt; sie reicht von beleidigenden Worten, sexistischen Witzen und unangemessenen Gesten über die Verbreitung von pornographischem Material bis hin zu Handlungen mit Körperkontakt (Küssen, Kneifen, unangemessene Berührung der Intimzone) und sexueller Nötigung oder Vergewaltigung.

Ein gemeinsames Merkmal ist, dass sich Vorfälle von sexualisierter Gewalt gegen den Willen der Betroffenen ereignen oder diese aufgrund körperlicher, psychischer oder kognitiver Unterlegenheit nicht wissentlich zustimmen können. Die Ausübenden nutzen ihre Macht- und Autoritätsposition aus, um eigene Bedürfnisse auf Kosten der Betroffenen zu befriedigen.

Quellen:
Jud, A. (2014). Sexueller Kindesmissbrauch – Begriffe, Definitionen und Häufigkeiten. In J. M. Fegert u.a. (Hrsg.), Sexueller Missbrauch von Kindern und Jugendlichen – ein Handbuch zur Prävention und Intervention für Fachkräfte im medizinischen, psychotherapeutischen und pädagogischen Bereich (S. 41-50). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Rulofs, B. (2015). Sexualisierte Gewalt. In Schmidt, W. u.a. (Hrsg.), Dritter Deutscher Kinder- und Jugendsportbericht (S. 370-392). Schorndorf: Hofmann

(English)

Voice consortium

Please click on a consortium partner for more information:

Coordinator

The Institute of Sociology & Gender Studies at the German Sport University specialises in gender issues and social inequality in sport. Research and policy development on gender discrimination as well as sexual violence in sport are a special field of expertise. Dr Bettina Rulofs is currently leading a project on child protection and the prevention of sexual violence in organised sport that is funded by the German Ministry of Science & Education. The German Sport Youth (Germany’s umbrella organisation for youth sport) is the official cooperation partner in this project.

Partners 

Edge Hill University (EHU) is situated in Ormskirk, in north-west England providing undergraduate as well as postgraduate programmes. In 2014 it was named ‘University of the Year’ in the Times Higher awards. The Department for Sport & Physical Activity is the largest department in the institution with over 40 academic staff teaching and researching across a range of sport-related disciplines. Over the past fifteen years the department has developed research in child maltreatment in sport contributing to the department’s Sport & Physical Activity research being ranked in the top 25 in the UK for its research impact in the national Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014.

The main mission of the Faculty of Sport at the University of Ljubiljana is to educate, train and qualify sports experts for various profiles of work in sport such as Physical Education, Health and Fitness, and Sport Management. The specific objective is to prepare educators, researchers and professionals at university level who will be involved in activities aimed at the achievement and maintenance of the best possible conditions of psycho-physical wellbeing in our society, in schools, in communities, in work environments and in sport activities, both competitive and recreational.

The Active Living (AL) research group at The Institute of Sport & Biomechanics at the University of Southern Denmark has significant experience in measuring population impacts of prevention and health promotion interventions. AL is highly engaged and qualified in evaluating “real-world” interventions to determine program impacts and final outcomes under typical conditions – with the aim of producing balanced assessment of both internal and external validity of specific interventions. AL has wide experience with conducting setting-based intervention trials – typically at school, sport organisations, community and/or municipal level.

The Department of Sport Economics and Management at the University of Debrecen offers a BSc. degree in Sport Management since 2011. The department is involved with numerous research projects in relation to sport such as sports participation, leadership in sports, sport policy, sports clubs, social inclusion in sports, human resources management , volunteering in sports, but also other economy and management aspects of sports such as funding and facility management in sports. Research areas also include specific topics in youth sports, such as dual career in sports, athlete-coach relations, child protection issues and policy applications related to these.

The Institute of Sport Science is part of the University of Vienna. The University of Vienna is the largest teaching and research institution in Austria and one of the largest in Central Europe. Five professorships and about 30 academic positions exist at the Institute of Sport Science. In total around 1,500 students are enrolled at the Institute of Sport Science studying either Sport Science or Physical Education.

The Collaborative Antwerp Psychiatric Research Institute (CAPRI) is the scientific research center of psychiatry and mental health at the University of Antwerp, and is led by Prof. Bernard Sabbe, MD, PhD. Two of the current research domains are ‘psychotherapy’ and ‘forensic psychiatry’. CAPRI has expertise in the treatment of both victims and offenders of sexual violence, and has extensive experience in conducting qualitative research on sensitive issues. One of the ongoing projects in CAPRI is the PhD trajectory of Tine Vertommen, MSc in Criminology and MSc in Ethics, on interpersonal violence in sport.

The University of Vic has been offering the degree of Sport and Physical Sciences for over a decade. The department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, has three active research groups. The research group of Dr Montserrat Martin (GREAF) integrates social and health issues related to sport comprising two main research areas: (i) the promotion of the physical activity amongst sedentary sectors of population; (ii) preventing sexual abuse and harassment (sexual violence) in sport. In October 2012 Dr Martin hosted the first ever seminar in Spain on sexual abuse and harassment in sport and in June 2013 the High Council of Sport in Spain invited Dr Martin to organize and lead a seminar in sexual abuse and harassment in sport.

ENGSO-Youth – the youth-organisation of ENGSO – advocates for children and youth sport in European countries and is responsible for the education of children and young people organised in sport. ENGSO Youth is working to develop the sporting culture in which children and young people are encouraged to participate in decision-making processes at all levels. ENGSO Youth is specialized for promoting topics such as sport, health, inclusion, participation, intercultural dialogue, volunteering of young people in European sports, equal opportunities and international cooperation.

The EGLSF represents more than 100 LGBTIQ Sport organisations, which represent more than 20,000 LGBTI athletes in over 20 European countries. The EGLSF is also well linked with numerous sport organisations, such as National Olympic Committees, grassroots sport organisations and federations. In conjunction with the Annual General Assembly of the EGLSF members and also combined with the EuroGames, EGLSF is organizing conferences with special focus on LGBTI related issues in Sport. The EGLSF has gathered significant experience and expertise in EU project management through its own project “Pride in Sport” (funded by the European Commission) and by its involvement in other, non EU funded projects of similar kind.

The EPC is a European non-profit-making organisation supported by the European Union and the Austrian Government. The EPC seeks to promote and develop Paralympic sport at an equal level to the mainstream sport movement. It is run by European National Paralympic Committees and the European branches of the International Organisations of Sports for the Disabled. The purpose of the EPC is to promote and defend the collective interest of European athletes with disabilities without discrimination on the grounds of religion, economics, disability, gender, language or ethnic origin. In this regard, EPC focuses especially on an ethical sports environment that advocates the rights of athletes and safeguards them from discrimination and violence.

EUSA is the governing body for university and college sport in Europe, having 45 national university sports member associations. It links national university sport federations, universities, teams, individual competitors, volunteers and other partners throughout Europe.

EUSA’s mission is to maintain and develop regular communication between the national federations; to co-ordinate competitions, conferences, mass-sport-events and other activities; to represent university sport in general and the member federations in particular in relation to various European bodies; to disseminate throughout Europe the ideals of university sport in close collaboration with the International University Sports Federation (FISU) and other European organisations and institutions.

The NWG Network is a charitable organisation consisting of over 500 organisations with 8000 practitioners working to tackle the issues of Child Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking within the UK. NWG provides strategic and operational support to services offering support to young people and influences change at government, national, regional and local levels. The Aims of NWG Network are to provide a forum for projects or organisations concerned with the exploitation of young people, to provide links into current research, policy and project developments within the field and offer the opportunity for examples of good, bad and developing practice to be shared and discussed.

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Steering group

Dr Bettina Rulofs

Dr. Bettina Rulofs is senior lecturer at the German Sport University, Institute of Sociology & Gender Studies. Her main areas of research are gender studies, social inequality, child protection, prevention of violence and diversity-management in sport. Since 2010, she is member of the National Working Group on Child Protection in Sport and as a member of that group the German Sport Youth entrusted her with the compilation of a guideline for child protection in sport. She is currently leading the research project Safe Sport in Germany, which is funded by the German Ministry of Science & Education, and focuses on child protection and the prevention of sexual violence in organised sport. She was also involved in previous EU-funded projects, for example Sport respects your rights.

(English)

Research team

Dr Mike Hartill

Dr. Hartill is co-lead for VOICE. He has previously conducted research with victims/survivors of sexual abuse in sport as well as having conducted research into child protection/safeguarding systems in sport.

Email: Hartillm@edgehill.ac.uk